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INFINITIVE OR -ING?



Infinitive Use
Certain words are followed by an infinite verb with or without ‘to’.
Use and Word Lists
Example
as the subject of a clause
To know you is to love you.
after certain expressions (without //‘to’//)
Why not go to the cinema?
after certain verbs (without //‘to’//)
I can swim.
after certain verbs (with //‘to’//)
He wants to swim.
after certain verbs with interrogatives (infinitive constructions)
They don’t know how to swim.
after certain verbs with objects (without //‘to’//)
He made her swim.
after certain verbs with objects (with //‘to’//)
They wanted him to swim.
after certain adjectives and their comparisons
It’s easier to swim downstream.
after nouns deriving from the verbs mentioned above
We made a promise to swim. (derived from the verb ‘to promise’)
Gerund Use
Certain words are followed by an Ing-Form.
Use and Word Lists
Example
as the subject of a clause
Cycling is good for your health.
after certain adjectives
He’s afraid of going by plane.
after certain prepositions
Before going to bed he turned off the lights.
after certain verbs
I enjoy cooking.
after certain verbs with prepositions
I am looking forward to seeing you again.
after certain nouns
We had problems finding our way back home.

SOME PRACTICE: